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What MOT Class is My Vehicle?

Bradley Jando | Tuesday 26th May 2020 3:20pm

Van Driving Past a Sign at an MOT Test Centre

What MOT Class is My Vehicle?

MOT tests are a legal requirement to ensure that your vehicle is safe to drive. This is important for your own safety as well as that of other road users. If youíre taking your vehicle to be tested for the first time, you may be unsure what class your vehicle falls under.

There are six MOT classes in total, though the categories go up to number seven. This is because there is no class six. They are as follows:

Type of Vehicle Class
Motorbike up to 200cc
Motorbike with sidecar up to 200cc
Class 1
Motorbike over 200cc
Motorbike with sidecar over 200cc
Class 2
3-wheeled vehicles that weigh up to 450kg Class 3
Cars (up to eight passenger seats)
3-wheeled vehicles over 450kg
Caravans
Ambulances and taxis
Private passenger vehicles (up to 12 passenger seats)
Goods vehicles up to 3,000kg (gross weight)
Class 4
Private passenger vehicles and ambulances (13 to 16 passenger seats)
Private passenger vehicles and ambulances (more than 16 passenger seats)
Playbuses
Coaches
Class 5
Goods vehicles between 3,001kg and 3,500kg (gross weight) Class 7

What MOT Class is My Van?

Your van could come under two classes - Class 4 (goods vehicle under 3,000kg) or Class 7 (goods vehicle over 3,000kg and under 3,500kg). The class that it falls under will depend on its gross weight.

Itís important to note that the weight listed above is not that of the vehicle itself, but the weight of the vehicle plus the maximum load that can be carried safely. It should also include the weight of fuel and any additional passengers. This figure is known as maximum authorised mass (MAM) or gross vehicle weight (GVW). Remember that overloading a vehicle can result in a fine of up to £300, depending on how overladen it is.

Is My Van Class 4 or 7?

As mentioned above, you could find out the MAM or GVW of the van to determine which class it falls into. If youíre unsure of either of these, you can find this information in the vehicleís manual or on a sticker thatís generally located in the driverís door.

When youíre trying to understand whether your van is Class 4 or 7, you must remember that the category is based on this gross weight, even if you regularly drive the vehicle with nothing in it. For instance, if your van weighs 2,000kg by itself but it has a maximum load of 1,500kg, your vehicle would come under Class 7 and not Class 4.

What Category is a 3.5 tonne Van

A van that weighs 3.5 tonnes comes under MOT Class 7. This is because 3.5 tonnes is the equivalent to 3,500kg.

For vehicles that may weigh more than 3,500kg, there is a separate test known as the annual test. This is also for semi-trailers, horseboxes that weigh more than the above amount and trailers with an unladen weight of more than 1,020kg (increases to 3,500kg if the item has overrun brakes). This can be booked at an Authorised Test Facility (ATF) or at the Vehicle Standards Agency (DVSA) test station. These kinds of tests canít be done at a local repair centre.

When Does a New Van Need its First MOT?

Despite the fact that vans generally do more mileage than cars, a van will need its first MOT when itís three years old, the same age a car will need its first MOT. This should be three years from the date of its registration and not from the date you bought it or took ownership of it. However, if you are worried for any reason about your vehicle and want to get it checked, you could have it MOTíd before these three years.

Once the van is over three years old, it will need to have an MOT every 12 months. You can MOT your vehicle early if you wish, up to one month (minus a day) before the MOT runs out. This means, for instance, if your vehicleís MOT runs out on the 12th May, the earliest you can take it for its test is 13th April.

What MOT Class is a Car

A car that has up to eight passenger seats requires a Class 4 MOT. This includes private hire vehicles, public service vehicles and taxis with up to eight seats too.


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